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A bit of Arab history

      A bit of Arab history, for the curious ones. 

     Muhammad was born by the end of the 6th century, and in the 7th century founded the Islamic religion. This unified the whole of the Arab peninsula, which then went on a conquering spree all over the north of Africa, and almost Europe. (I already mentioned that from 611 to 1492 there was a war in Spain against the more invaders, which the Catholic kings won). While the whole of Europe was engulfed in the Middle Ages, which were a time of cultural, economic and social stagnation, the Arab kingdom was on the rise. They established the Caliphates, monarchies all in unity with the Islamic community, Ummah, with the same religion and culture. In order these were, the Four Orthodox Caliphates, elected by the religious community, Omeya Caliphate, with its capital in Damascus, Abbasi Caliphate, bringing the Islamic religion to the east, Fatimi Caliphate, with its capital in Cairo, Caliphate of Cordoba or Al-Andalus, located in Spain, and the Ottoman Caliphate.

     Yes, the one who blocked trade routes in the 15th century, invaded the decaying Byzantine empire through the Anatolia peninsula and the one from Assassin’s Creed. The Ottoman empire grew to its time of splendor in the 15th century, by the end of the 17th century the Ottoman empire had begun decaying, and by WWI it couldn’t hold together. And it wasn’t until the 19th century that Europe started recolonizing the North of Africa. The Ottoman empire finally collapsed in 1924, and became the Republic of Turkey. Egypt was of the English, Morroco was of the Spanish and French, Western Sahara of the Spanish, Mauritania of the French, Libya of the Italians, Northern Sudan of the English, Syria  of the French, Lebanon of the French, Jordanian of the English, Iraq of the English, Somalia of the Italians, French and English. 

     After 1924, all the countries started a process of independence that led to the organization they have today, as of 1945. Even though, in the next decades they would all suffer coups and state of emergency declaration which would help the rules perpetuate their rule and lead, ultimately, to the Arab Spring. 

      Comments and questions are really welcome!

Text Post Wed, Oct. 19, 2011 5 notes

The Lost Generation

     Its one classification of the Western generations. It was first used by Gertrude Stein, and it describes the cohort that came of age during World War I, which contributed to one of its other names; “The 1914 Generation”. (That was the year the first World War began). The Generation was characterized by moral loss and aimlessness that was apparent in the 20’s. Because of this, they could not operate in the postwar world. This is useful knowledge in the literary world, since historical context like this is essential to reading. This Generation influenced the writings of F. Scott Fitzgerald, Hemingway, Hart Crane, E.E. Cummings, among others. 

I support doubts. But so much more than that, I support answers.