Puerto Rico History III
Juan Ponce de Leon, a fortune-seeking Spaniard, Hidalgo noble with no fortune, started colonization in Puerto Rico in 1508, taking Diego Colon (Cristopher’s son) out of the scheme. Juan Ponce de Leon had fought in the Reconquista, in Granada. He had worked in the Dominican Republic, in the Villa de Salvaleon, where he had stopped indigenous rebellions and learned their language. He established the first settlement in Puerto Rico, Caparra. And was sent here by Juan Ceron, governor at that time of La Espanola.
The problem was, Caparra was marshy, and there were a lot of mosquitoes there. Tainos took care of these mosquitoes with special oils, but since Spaniards didn’t know about them, they started moving the city after its completion in 1509 to the San Juan Bay. There it stood until 1521.
In 1509, the Villa de Sotomayor was established, founded by Cristobal de Sotomayor. It was located at the west of Puerto Rico, where now stands Cabo Rojo. In 1510, to 1520, started the allotment of Tainos, by Juan Ponce de Leon, called the Repartimiento. They were supposed to guarantee their protection, food, clothes and education, but of course they didn’t, and the Tainos became slaves.
In 1511, Agueybana (a cacique from Guanica) rebelled against the Spaniards, in what were called the Guasabaras Tainas. He did so because Juan Ponce de Leon had violated the moral contract he had with the Tainos after they had performed the Guaitiao, a ceremony of name exchanging, where they swore peace and friendship (this ceremony was very serious for the Tainos) There died a lot of Taino leaders. By 1520, 80% of the Tainos were dead, and their religion completely forgotten. That’s why, in 1515, africans were brought to Puerto Rico, to work as slaves.
In 1520, La Fortaleza de Santa Catalina started being built, along with the Castillo San Felipe del Morro, and Fort San Geronimo, until their completion in 1533. These forts were built to protect the little island of San Juan.
Please ask, it fun! :)
Puerto Rico History
To know Puertorican history, you must first know a bit of background history from Spain. At the start of the VII Century, Spain was undergoing a bit of a civil war. It started when in 611 a.D. Muslims invaded Spain. The Arabs had a constant war with Spanish Christians until the time of the Reconquest. In January 2th 1492, Christians at last won the war, after vanishing the last more king (Boabdil) from Granada.
In 1469, Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabel of Castile married and established the Tribunal of the Holy Inquisition, and started to win the war against the Arabs. And they united Castile and Aragon to form Spain!
You must know that since 1485, a Genovese explorer, called Christophorus Colombus (Cristopher Colombus, or Cristobal Colo’n)(born in 1451) wanted to explore the other side of the Earth in search of a route connecting to the Indies, since after the end of the Mongol Peace, the fall of Constantinople in 1453 and the Ottoman Turks Invasion, the route for all those spices was cut off, the “Silk Road”. Christopher looked for help form the king of Portugal, Henry, but was rejected.
Also, you must know that this was a time were a lot of advances in maritime travel were made. This was possible thanks to a Portuguese named Henry the Navigator, who founded the School of Navigation of Sagres.
So, Colombus seeked an audience with a lot of kings, but they all rejected him. It wasn’t until April 1492, that the Christian Kings of Spain, Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabel of Castile, agreed. They signed the Capitulations of Santa Fe, where the Kings agreed to name Colombus viceroy of all the land he found, 8% of all possessions found, and agreed to let his kids inherit that.
In his first voyage, he took 3 ships, La Nina, La Pinta and La Santa Maria. They reached America October 12th 1492, passing by Guanahani (San Salvador), Cuba and La Espanola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic). Then, in Tortuga (close to Haiti), La Nina crashes, and the Fort of Nativity is built. December 24th 1492.
August 1493, the Kings authorized a second voyage, and he took more ships and men to populate the land. It wasn’t until November 19th 1493 that he discovered Boriquen, later named San Juan Bautista, and know named Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico.
June 7th 1494, the Treaty of Tordesillas was signed, where Portugal and Spain divided the Earth between them, with the Church’s consent.
After the third a fourth voyage, the Kings took away all he had and imprisioned him, later liberating him until his death, obviously his kids gained nothing. This as because the Kings thought that that was too much power and money for him. :/
This is just the first part. Remember I will always answer questions! Click here!